Medical and surgical advances have allowed single-stage total repair in neonates born with complex congenital heart anomalies and aortic arch obstruction. Nonetheless, total repair might be too complex or high risk in certain neonates with demographic, clinical or morphologic risk factors. Alternative management strategies might offer these neonates better outcomes with superior anatomic repair, shorter hospitalization, reduced morbidity, and improved survival. Alternative initial surgical strategies might include aortic arch repair and pulmonary artery band with or without cardiopulmonary bypass, extracardiac repair only and pulmonary artery band, Norwood operation, and hybrid first-stage palliation; all deferring complex biventricular intra-cardiac repair to later stage. The strategy choice should be personalized to each patient, taking into consideration the morphologic and clinical state, and the existent goals of care.
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Published online: February 02, 2023
Conflict of Interest: There is no potential conflict of interest.
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